New Fish Species Discovered Deep In The Ocean

The fish — temporarily named the pink blue and purple Atacama snailfish — were found in the Atacama Trench by Newcastle University researchers

The fish — temporarily named the pink blue and purple Atacama snailfish — were found in the Atacama Trench by Newcastle University researchers

Apart from snagging exclusive video of the three new snailfish species, the team also managed to capture "astonishingly rare footage" of a type of crustacean known as the long-legged isopod.

A massive global team consisting of 40 scientists launched an expedition to one of the deepest places on Earth. The trio aren't even named yet and are temporarily identified with their varying colors: the pink, blue, and purple Atacama snailfish, according to a report from the Newcastle University.

They do not conform to the stereotypical image of a deep sea creature.

The underwater creatures, thought to be the world's deepest living fish, resemble translucent tadpoles with a large head and no scales.

"My interest is mainly the fish, so I am biased in thinking the new snailfish are incredible", study author Thomas Linley of Britain's Newcastle University told Newsweek.

While they may be small, they feed easily on invertebrate prey in the extreme depths of the ocean.

Despite their unthreatening name and slimy physique, Linley said the snailfish are the "top predator" at that depth and the specimens caught on camera looked "very well-fed".


In the conditions present about 4.7 miles (7.5 kilometers) below the ocean surface, a squishy body is helpful in withstanding cold and extreme pressures, Linley said. But without the pressures of the deep sea to support them, their fragile, boneless bodies melt when they crest the surface of the sea.

The fish are said to have a gelatinous structure that is perfectly adapted to the extreme pressure at the bottom of the trench.

Make pictures of animals, the researchers were able with the help of two deep-water devices equipped with HD-cameras and traps.

The lander is basically an innovative trap equipped with lure, screens and submerged cameras - would take four hours to fall the distance to the base of the sea, nearly five miles somewhere down in a few regions of the Atacama Trench, off the shoreline of Peru and Chile.

It can take four hours for a trap to sink to the bottom and after waiting an additional 12 to 24 hours, the researchers send an acoustic signal to the trap, which releases weights and the lander rises to the surface with the help of floatation.

The lander - essentially a high-tech trap outfitted with bait, monitors and underwater cameras - would take four hours to fall all the way to the bottom of the ocean, almost five miles deep in some areas of the trench, off the coast of Peru and Chile.

They propel themselves with paddles on their their "tummies" - before righting themselves on the seafloor and spreading their long walking legs out like a spider. The snailfish discovery will be featured at the Challenger Conference 2018 at Newcastle University.

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