15,000 cases of diabetes a year caused by air pollution

Air pollution causes nearly 15,000 cases of type 2 diabetes in UK each year, study suggests

Air pollution causes nearly 15,000 cases of type 2 diabetes in UK each year, study suggests

The high levels of air pollution are considered to be causing more number of diabetes patients in the U.S. and the world health organization believes that the risk of increased diabetes is not only in the USA but worldwide.

The first research to quantify the contribution of air pollution to the disease finds that tiny particulates from vehicle exhausts, wood burning and industry are costing United Kingdom citizens a total 31,800 years of healthy life a year - and causing 14,900 new cases of type 2 diabetes a year.

Almost 10 million years of healthy life were lost in 2016 due to pollution-linked diabetes, representing about 14 per cent of all years of healthy life lost due to diabetes from any cause.

However, he says more studies are needed to establish the link between pollution and diabetes. "Many industry lobbying groups argue that current levels are too stringent and should be relaxed. Evidence shows that current levels are still not sufficiently safe and need to be tightened".

Pollutants that the researchers examined included particulate matter such as smoke, soot, dirt, liquid droplets, and airborne microscopic pieces of dust.

Anything less than 10 micrometers cannot only enter the lungs, it can pass into the bloodstream, where it is carried to various organs and begins a chronic inflammatory reaction thought to lead to disease.


Air pollution is estimated to contribute to 40,000 early deaths in the United Kingdom every year from problems such as heart attacks, lung cancer and strokes.

Type 2 diabetes has always been associated with genetic and lifestyle factors such as obesity and lack of exercise.

They examined data from 1.7 million USA veterans who did not have any history of diabetes and tracked them for an average of 8.5 years.

Could air pollution be a cause of diabetes and other diseases? It turned out that the emergence of the disease also affects the level of air pollution in big cities.

According to official data, Russia's 3.7 million people have diabetes mellitus. The State of Global Air Report published by Boston-based Health Effects Institute (HEI), points out that more than 95% of the world's population is breathing unhealthy air, with India and China together contributing to over 50% of global deaths attributed to pollution. The study explains that pollution may reduce the body's insulin production, preventing the body from converting blood glucose into energy that the body needs to maintain health.

Those data, along with information culled from thousands of studies worldwide, were used to create a model to evaluate diabetes risk across various pollution levels. Researchers point out that while the 3 percent increase appears small, it translates into an additional 5,000 to 6,000 new diabetes cases per 100,000 people each year. He's an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University in St. Louis. The US faced a moderate risk. They also estimate that 8.2 million years of healthy life were lost in 2016 due to pollution-linked diabetes, representing about 14 percent of all healthy years lost due to diabetes of any cause.

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