STI Rates On The Rise: Symptoms And Treatment For Syphilis And Gonorrhea

GETTYPublic Health England said regular use of condoms will limit the spread of the disease

GETTYPublic Health England said regular use of condoms will limit the spread of the disease

The rise in syphilis follows a ten-year trend, with three-quarters of new diagnoses in gay and bisexual men.

The report, which has collated STI diagnoses across England in 2017, has shown that men who have sex with men are the most likely to be at risk of the STI.

The rise in syphilis and gonorrhea cases in England was balanced out by a decrease in some other infections, including cases of genital warts, which declined 90% since 2009 among 15 to 17 year-olds - thanks to a national immunization program. Out of the estimated 820,000 cases of new gonorrhea infections in the United States each year, an estimated 246,000 are resistant to at least one antibiotic, according to the CDC.

"Today's stats confirm the number of STIs diagnosed in England remains worryingly high against a backdrop of damaging cuts to sexual health services", said the Head of Policy and Engagement at Terrence Higgins Trust Debbie Laycock.

Diagnosing syphilis during the early stage of the infection is important.

"In 2017, there were approximately 420,000 cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) diagnosed in England, around the same number that was reported past year", Public Health England said in a Twitter post.

Total SHS attendances across England increased 3% between 2016 and 2017, from 3.2 million to 3.3 million.


"There is no time for complacency", said Councillor Izzi Seccombe.

Speaking of the figures, Dr Olwen Williams, president of the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV, said: "These dramatic increases in syphilis and gonorrhoea are a huge concern and must provide a wake-up call to the Government about the importance of ensuring that high-quality, easily-accessible sexual health services are available for all those who need them. Health inequalities will remain and councils may be unable to respond effectively to unforeseen outbreaks". Although this number has been described as "stable" from the previous year, cases of syphilis have rocketed by 20 percent, from 5955 in 2016 to 7137 in 2017.

"Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner", she added.

Testing in clinics has fallen by 61% since 2015, which experts say may indicate a squeeze on resources.

She said that there should be consistent and correct use of condoms with new and casual sexual partners as well as regular check-ups and testing to determine and treat these infections early.

Left untreated, gonorrhoea can lead to complications including infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease.

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